Epilepsy affects 1% of the population in most countries. In Cyprus there are estimated to be 5.000 to 6.000 epileptics. The Epilepsy Clinic provides tertiary care for drug resistant patients. With the help of video/EEG monitoring patients that do not suffer from epilepsy (25% of all patients referred) are identified. An alternative diagnosis is given and the patient is spared from unnecessary long‐term antiepileptic medications. Furthermore, another 10% of epileptics that are amenable to curative surgery are identified. Currently there is a collaborative program with the Epilepsy Surgery Center at the University of Rochester, NY as well as other European Centers, and the Neurosurgery Department at Nicosia General Hospital, where patients are referred for surgery. Surgery may involve resection of the epileptic focus, or implantation of a Vagus Nerve Stimulator.
In the remaining patients with drug resistant epilepsy, new novel drugs and other therapies are introduced. Tertiary care for epileptics is also available to patients from surrounding countries.
Dementia is rapidly becoming a major cause of disability in the ageing population of Cyprus. With the availability of new therapies in neurodegenerative diseases accurate diagnosis and management is essential. The Dementia Clinic is a tertiary referral centre and has access to a neuropathology lab.
The Clinical Sciences Section examines, investigates and treats more than 8.500 patients annually with a steadily increasing number of referrals.
Clinical Neurophysiology laboratory
The Clinical Neurophysiology laboratory serves the needs of the clinics in providing diagnostic facilities for the investigation of central and peripheral nervous system disorders. For example multimodal evoked potentials are performed on patients with suspected multiple sclerosis; electroencephalography and Video‐EEG is used to evaluate epileptic and other paroxysmal disorders. In addition, we routinely perform sleep studies for the evaluation of sleep disorders as well as Multiple Sleep Latency Tests to evaluate excessive daytime sleepiness, narcolepsy and other related conditions. The laboratory is also involved in research to develop new or improved neurodiagnostic methods for various neurological disorders.